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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 10-21

Interventions aimed at reducing medication errors in Saudi hospitals: A systematic review

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Douha F Bannan
Department of Pharmacy Practice, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80260, Jeddah 21589
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjcp.SJCP_3_21

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Medication error is a preventable problem and different interventions can be used to prevent the occurrence of errors. The aims of this study were to describe interventions used to reduce prescribing, dispensing, and administration errors in hospitalized patients in Saudi Arabia, and to describe the impact of interventions used. Six databases were searched for articles published between 1985 and June 2021. Studies reporting impact of interventions on prescribing, dispensing, or administration errors were included. Interventions were summarized using the Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) Checklist and Guide. Five studies met the inclusion criteria, all of them were before/after studies. Three studies used bundle interventions and two studies used a stand-alone intervention, which were education, training, standardized table, drug information service, counselling, unifying reorder days, and double-checking. One study described the intervention fairly well, the other four studies were of low quality. There is a limited number of studies that investigated interventions used to reduce errors in Saudi hospitals, the majority of which were with low quality. There is a need for higher-quality studies that explicitly state details such as how the intervention was chosen, how it was implemented, and the impact of the intervention on reducing errors.

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